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Obesity And Overweight: Five Diseases And Health Conditions
A healthcare professional can easily tell if you are obese, overweight or healthy just by measuring your body mass index, or BMI for short. It effectively determines your weight in relation to your height, and the further out of the standard range you are, the greater your chance of developing a number of critical health problems from obesity and overweight.
Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight is something that cannot be achieved overnight and in the long run can prove to be a challenging task for obese and overweight individuals. Ensuring a healthy weight through appropriate means or at least preventing weight gain can help overweight people to reduce the likelihood of developing specific health problems.
Obesity is on the verge of becoming a national epidemic in the US and is associated with several chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. A serious health condition is responsible for a staggering 18% of the 40-to-85-year-old mortality rate among the US population, a 2013 Health Research study observed, challenging the deeply held, prevailing medical and scientific notion that just 5 out of every 100 deaths in the country is related to obesity. The new finding essentially suggests it’s as deadly as cigarette smoking when it comes to discussing public health risks, as the particular way of consuming nicotine can be linked to 20 out of every 100 deaths in the US and is recognized as the nation’s leading preventable cause of death .
Nearly 2 in 5 American adults were diagnosed with obesity in 2015-16, a significant increase from 34% in 2007-08, and its impact has deepened during this time, with a steep increase from 5.7% to 7.7% . While no state reported obesity rates higher than 15% in 1985, as many as 5 of them reported rates higher than 35% in 2016.
Obesity and overweight are often associated with emotional health problems such as depression. People who are obese or overweight may also experience weight bias, as well as face stigma from medical providers and others, which can result in feelings of guilt, rejection, or shame, further exacerbating prevailing issues related to a person’s mental well-being.
The main diseases and health complications caused by obesity and overweight are briefly illustrated below.
I. TYPE 2 DIABETES
When the concentration of glucose in the blood is persistently abnormally high, the specific medical condition is called type 2 diabetes. 4 out of every 5 individuals with this form of diabetes are known to be obese or overweight. High blood sugar can result in a number of health conditions such as stroke, heart disease, eye problems, neuropathic damage, eye problems, and other health problems.
By engaging in regular physical activity and reducing your weight by 5 to 7%, you can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes if you are in a risk group for a particular disease.
II. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
When blood flows through the blood vessels in your body with significantly more force, the particular medical condition is known as hypertension, or more commonly, high blood pressure. It can cause alarmingly high levels of damage to your blood vessels, strain your heart and help increase your chances of stroke, kidney disease, heart attack and even death.
III. HEART DISEASE
The umbrella term heart disease is commonly used to refer to a wide and varied range of medical conditions that can affect the overall well-being of the organ. If you are diagnosed with heart disease, you are at greater risk of heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina pectoris, heart attack, or a heart rhythm that is not considered normal. Elevated levels of fat in the bloodstream, high blood sugar concentrations, and high blood pressure can increase the likelihood of heart disease. Blood lipids or blood fats necessarily refer to triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein or HDL cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein or LDL cholesterol. Losing 5% to 10% of your body weight is likely to help reduce your risk of developing heart disease and can help improve your blood flow, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure.
If a blood vessel in your neck or brain becomes blocked or bursts, it causes a sudden reduction in the blood supply to your brain and the specific medical condition is known as a stroke. A stroke can cause reversible or irreversible damage to your brain, resulting in partial or complete paralysis, leaving you unable to speak or initiate body movements. Hypertension is considered a major cause of stroke.
V. SLEEP APNEA
Sleep apnea is a medical condition where an individual does not breathe frequently and is quite common among a large number of people around the world. A person can also stop breathing completely for short intervals. If said sleep disorder remains undiagnosed and untreated, it can increase the likelihood of other critical health problems such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
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