What Is The Average Height Of A 5 Year Old Popular Black Aronia Berry Plant Characteristics – It Is Commonly Called Chokeberry

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Popular Black Aronia Berry Plant Characteristics – It Is Commonly Called Chokeberry

Introduction

Aronia berries (chokeberries) are native to the northeastern United States. Black aronia berries are becoming popular because of their many health benefits. The production of aronia berries is a large industry in Europe, where 1000 hectares are planted. The industry in the United States is in its infancy.

Characteristics of chokeberry plants

Black Chokeberry is a hardy plant that produces an abundance of deep purple, almost black fruit in the fall. It is a late bloomer, producing its white flowers after the threat of frost in May has passed. The white flowers are quite striking against the dark green of the leaves. As the name “chokeberry” suggests they have an astringent tasting quality. Tannin is believed to be the main factor contributing to chokeberry’s astringency. Since chokeberries are not very tasty on their own, they are rarely eaten as a whole fruit. Instead, they are ideal for making wine or juice and make good jams and jellies, syrups and teas. Freezing berries helps break down their astringency. If you add milk to your tea, the tannins attack the milk proteins rather than the proteins in your mouth and the taste is much less astringent. If the chokeberry juice is mixed half with a naturally sweet apple juice, no additional sugar will be needed.

Planting chokeberries

Chokeberry plants should be planted about 6 feet apart and 12 feet apart in rows. Dig the planting hole 4 times the width of the root and to a depth equal to the size of the root so that it can be planted at the same depth at which it was growing. It can be quickly established in the ground. Fill the hole with a mixture of mature compost and soil. Over time Chokeberry plants spread by rhizomes in colonies. The absorptive tendency and self-seeding nature of this shrub results in the formation of a large colony within a few years.

Interesting facts about Aronia:

1) They will begin fruiting at 3 years but do not have extensive yield until 5 or more years of age when they will produce 20-30 pounds per bush (ie lots of berries).

2) There are three most popular varieties, Viking, Nero and Autumn Magic. Viking and Nero were developed primarily for fruit production and Autumn Magic was developed for its ornamental value for the garden and landscaping. The Viking is the tallest of the three, standing 4 to 8 feet tall or more. Nero grows 4 to 6 feet tall. Autumn Magic is shorter in height, growing about 4-5 feet tall. This makes them easy to harvest. Growing Aronia berries as a cash crop is a viable future for the American Aronia grower.

3) Plants are highly resistant to pests and diseases. Aronia plants do not need fungicides, herbicides or pesticides as pests do not attack them.

4) They can grow in most types of soil from acidic to basic.

5) It grows well in most soils and does well in clay soils and can tolerate a dry summer… Its fibrous root system holds the earth well and makes the plant useful for bank stabilization. The root system consists of a woody branching tap-root. It can be used as a shrub border or used to control erosion on hillsides. Once established Aronia is very drought tolerant. It appears to be a hardy plant, surviving weed competition in sandy loam soil albeit with little growth. Proper mulching of an area lowers soil temperature and reduces moisture loss through evaporation. In addition to adding texture to the landscape, organic mulches decompose and add nutrients to the soil.

6) This can be a very profitable crop. With 700 plants per acre producing an average of 20 pounds of fruit per plant will have a total production of 14,000 pounds of Aronia berries per acre.

7) When fully ripe, the sugar content of Aronia berries is as high as grapes or sweet cherries. They are high in acid but not bitter when fully ripe. It is important not to pick them until they are fully ripe. The berries should not be picked until fully ripe in late August or early September. Aronia berries can be picked by hand or they can be mechanically picked with a blueberry picker.

8) This could be a crop that will help save small farms.

Summary

The industry in the United States is in its infancy. They can grow in most types of soil from acidic to basic. It grows well in most soils and does well in moist clay soils and can tolerate a dry summer. This can be a very profitable crop, with a total production of 14,000 pounds of Aronia berries per acre.

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